): this is not a very showy clone and unless new growth is regularly encouraged by pruning, it can be very dull indeed. Each flower has numerous stamens (male parts) that are more or less fused into five bundles. It is a popular domestic remedy for a number of ailments. The Millennium Seed Bank Partnership aims to save plant life worldwide, focusing on plants under threat and those of most use in the future. A large tree, to 40 m, dbh 4 m, of domed habit; trunk very seldom with epicormic sprouts. Dimond around 1982 (Santamour & McArdle 1985); both clones had grown to 3 m tall at the Castlewellan National Arboretum in Co. Down by 2015 (Tree Register 2018). Height up to approx. Large-leaved lime (Tilia platyphyllos) is a large and long-living tree. A clone with shoots yellow in sun (green in shade) rather than red (grey in shade). Despite the common name, lime trees (of the genus Tilia) are not related to the citrus fruit we know as a lime. ‘Laciniata’ is the most widely used name; perhaps a single clone; it was in cultivation (origin unknown) by 1844 (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Backbone Distributions Tilia platyphyllos Scop. Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Bark brownish-grey, developing longitudinal square-cracking ridges after about 30 years. : Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (2001) Similar sports occur in several lime species Pigott (2012) but this is the only named form, and the only one to have been planted at all widely. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. See Kew's Seed Information Database for further information on Tilia platyphyllos seeds. Found as a witch’s broom in an old tree at the Belvedere, Prague Castle (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). The summer linden has a broad, ovoid to round crown and a rounded top. Media in category "Tilia platyphyllos" The following 140 files are in this category, out of 140 total. Davis, P.H. The large-leaved lime, though, reaches slightly further south and is rarely found in Northern Europe. While examples in cultivation are propagated by grafting or layering (Bean 1981), whether or not they represent a single clone is a moot point. It produces intensely fragrant, yellow flowers in June and July and is, perhaps, the most fragrant of its species. Interpreting Wetland Status. platyphyllos Scop., Tilia x vulgaris Heyne or their mixtures, flos . Narrow-crowned, with leaves staying green late into autumn. August 2020. (eds.) Although less commonly planted in Britain than T. × europaea, this is a shapely, characterful tree, which does not produce masses of epicormic shoots (Bean 1981). A variant in Irish Gardens was described by Alan Mitchell (Mitchell 1974) as both cut-leaved and variegated; one was recorded by Mitchell at the Westonbirt National Arboretum as 15 m, dbh 32 cm in 1967 (Tree Register 2018). It originated in Europe before 1838, and was in the North American trade by 1853 (Jacobson 1996; Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). říše Plantae - rostliny » oddělení Magnoliophyta - rostliny krytosemenné » třída Rosopsida - vyšší dvouděložné rostliny » řád Malvales - slézotvaré » čeleď Malvaceae - slézovité » rod Tilia … A few old examples are immense. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0, Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone Scientific name Source Tilia platyphyllos subsp. Albania, Selected in the Netherlands before 1980, and still commercially available in Europe (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013; van den Berk Nurseries 2020). obs.). Romania, Specimens of the wood and bark of large-leaved lime are held in Kew's Economic Botany Collection in the Sir Joseph Banks Building, where they are available to researchers by appointment. Piggott: Tree bark: Bark of a 270 year old tree in an avenue, Uckfield, Sussex, England, UK. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh. A curiosity with twisted young shoots, sometimes forming loops. obs. An extraordinary form in which at least some leaves have their sides joined at the base, to resemble a pitcher (Elwes & Henry 1913). A stone at the latter’s base claims that it was planted in 760 CE (monumentaltrees.com 2018). A site produced by the International Dendrology Society. comm. Related Links. ‘Örebro’ is similar (van den Berk Nurseries 2020). France, Tilia platyphyllos belongs to the Flowering Plants group. Tilia platyphyllos is commonly called bigleaf linden. C.D. Large-leaved lime can be seen growing in the area between Kew's Temperate House and Victoria Gate. from northern, western and northeastern Europe; subsp. Kubát et al. A Swedish selection, found in a park in Örebro by G. Karlsson and distributed by the Lundström nursery from 1935 (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). Similar Images . A very floriferous tree, rather slender and slow-growing (but ultimately to 26 m at Drumkilbo, Perth and Kinross – Tree Register 2018), its leaves are small and variously dissected; no two leaves are the same shape, and the effect is delicate and attractive. After one year, twigs are hairy and bright green, becoming bare in the winter. Ireland, Herbarium Catalogue Specimens ‘Donovan’s Filigree’ (Royal Horticultural Society 2018) is presumed to be the same plant, and it is also circulating simply as ‘Filigree’ (J. Grimshaw, pers. Lime flowers are a rich source of nectar and attract bees, wasps, flies and moths. It is a more upland species than T. cordata, associated with calcareous soils, but despite their habitat and morphological differences Linnaeus failed to distinguish between the two western European species and their hybrid (Pigott 2012). For copyright and licence information, see the Licence page. It is in flower from June to July, and the seeds ripen in October. It … Beskrivelse Tilia platyphyllos 'Örebro' A slow-growing Swedish cultivar with a regular, closed, narrow, pyramidal crown that reaches a height of 15 - 18 m. The lateral branches grow steeply ascending at first and after about 10 years they bend, forming an ovoid crown. © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. The vast majority are selected for crown form, especially for strongly ascending branches, leading to relatively narrow crown in youth. Recommended citationJohnson, O. Food. Floral bracts 6–11 × 1.1–2.2 cm, sometimes downy. Selected by the Konrad Herz nursery, Germany before 2007 and still available commercially in central Europe. The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Főképpen Közép- és Dél-Európában elterjedt faj. Many of the ancient village limes of central Europe belong to Tilia platyphyllos. Its range extends further south than that of T. cordata, but less far north and east. The wood is strong but prone to decay when damp, so has limited use as a building material. Herbal substance(s) (binomial scientific name of the plant, including plant part) vulgaris. A nagylevelű hárs (Tilia platyphyllos) bemutatása, gondozása A nagylevelű hárs (Tilia platyphyllos) kb. A ‘vine-leaved’ lime with weakly three- or five-lobed leaves, resembling those of Tilia mongolica but considerably larger. Turkey, 2020). The name "lime", possibly a corruption of "line" originally from "lind", has been in us… A very slow-growing, compact, shrubby Czech selection, reaching around1.5 m height and spread (Bluebell Arboretum and Nursery 2020). Grown in Germany since at least the mid-19th centuty, it has been quite widely planted in the United Kingdom; one had reached 14.5 m, dbh 64 cm by 2017 at Writtle College, Essex (Tree Register 2018). Status: scarce Typically this species occurs as a large tree or coppice stool in old woodland, where it is usually associated with a mixed canopy of Acer campestre, A. pseudoplatanus, Fagus sylvatica, Fraxinus excelsior, Quercus robur, Taxus baccata and Ulmus glabra, with the field layer dominated by Mercurialis perennis (Rodwell 1991a). Tilia platyphyllos subsp. cordifolia (Besser) C.K.Schneid. Fruits:  The fruit is a strongly ribbed nut containing 1-3 seeds. Tilia platyphyllos. The trunk is heavy and irregular, light grey and later grooved. Large-leaved Linden is well represented in arboreta within our North American area. When in flower the bracts almost exceed the foliage in coverage of the tree, making it look quite pale. European Lime. Tilia platyphyllos. Data retrieved on: 26 May 2019 Danihelka J., Chrtek J. Jr. & Kaplan Z. (1967). Le due specie si ibridano fra loro dando origine a Tilia x europaea (detto anche Tilia × vulgaris … World Checklist of Selected Plant Families (2012). Switzerland, These distinctions are of marginal horticultural significance. Tilia cordata Miller, Tilia platyphyllos Scop., Tilia x #58811574 - green leaf of Tilia platyphyllos tree ( largeleaf linden, , large-leaved.. Buds with 3 exposed scales (2 in subsp. Caratteristiche botaniche: La Tilia platyphyllos è un grande albero a foglia caduca, può raggiungere i 40 metri di altezza, con chioma da largamente colonnare a arrotondata espansa.Corteccia grigio scura con strette fenditure. (1968). The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. The clone is still in the nursery trade. Tilia platyphyllos Scop.. Large-leaved lime. Tilia platyphyllos is native to central and southern Europe (including Great Britain, where it is possibly only native in woods on calcareous soils). In decreasing order of hairiness, they are: subsp. from Mediterranean Europe and Turkey. Large-leaved lime is one of the parents of the natural hybrid Tilia × europaea, which is widely cultivated and used as a street tree. It induces sweating. An older clone, narrow-crowned (at least in youth) with steeply ascending branches (Bean 1981; van den Berk Nurseries 2020). Featured: Lysimachia arvensis An example in the Dell at Tortworth Court, Gloucestershire was 22 m, dbh 60 cm in 2015 (The Tree Register 2018). Tutin, T.G. Bean (1981) felt that there might be more than one clone in circulation under this name. A form with blue-green twigs and leaves bluish underneath, represented by an old tree in the Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh (19699330*A; 21 m, dbh 73 cm in 2014 – Tree Register 2018) It has had at least a small distribution, having once been listed by Kris Michielsen in Belgium (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). Ideal for a specimen tree or also commonly used for pleaching. The German cultivar name translates as ‘Town Hall’. Origin unrecorded, but there may be a clue in the name; introduced before 1991 (Hillier Nurseries 1991) and still in the European nursery trade. Image Owen Johnson. Tilia platyphyllos (large-leaved lime or large-leaved linden) is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae (Tiliaceae). A full-sized variety with a broadly ovoid crown, retaining its leaves unusually late into autumn; a degree of aphid resistance is claimed. (ed.) Tilia platyphyllos 'Rubra' has reddish twigs in winter and has been given an Award of Garden Merit (AGM) by the Royal Horticultural Society. This is another old clone, sold by the Baumann Brothers Nursery in France from 1838, but most authorities follow Bean (1981) in presuming that the cultivar commonly planted in gardens through the 20th century is ‘Laciniata’. Bulgaria, Widely planted as an ornamental and street tree. Rasprostranjenost: Kod nas velelisna lipa raste u šumi lipe i tise, u reliktnoj zajednici sjeverozapadnoga dijela Hrvatske, a pridolazi u pojasu brdske budove šume (Medvednicca, Kalnik, Ivančica, Macelj, Samoborska gora, sjeverni dio Gorskoga kotara). NÖ-Naturdenkmal KO-025 2 Sommerlinden sl1.jpg 4,128 × 3,096; 5.62 MB 2020). There are a number of other 20th- and 21st-century cultivars, mostly Belgian, within Laciniata Group (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013). Kew Species Profiles 40 year old trees of Tilia platyphyllos (centre) and Betula pendula in secondary woodland on limestone (chalk), near Dorking, Surrey, England, UK. Large-leaved lime is cultivated as an ornamental in parks and gardens, although not as commonly as Tilia × europaea (common lime). Spain, Hungary, Tilia E. Eaton, G. Caudullo, D. de Rigo Tilia cordata Mill., known as small-leaved lime, and Tilia platyphyllos Scop., known as large-leaved lime, are very similar trees, both native to Europe and preferring warmer climates. & Sutton, J. ‘Filicifolia Nova’ is (or was) a variant whose leaves tend to be less deeply dissected (Bean 1981), while those of ‘Aspleniifolia Nova’ are described as more deeply cut. Lime wood is pale and soft and cuts cleanly; it has been used by wood-carvers since the Middle Ages. Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/, Kew Species Profiles Each ovary has five compartments, each of which contains two ovules. Tilia platyphyllos is a widespread and familiar species in Europe. Trees from the Mediterranean edge are least hairy. Origine: Europa, Caucaso, Asia Minore. PISTOIA. Similar Images . ex W.D.J.Koch) Hoffm. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. Schneid. Image Tom Christian. The tree in the Sir Harold Hillier Gardens, Hampshire, 16 m, dbh 72 cm in 2017 (Tree Register 2018), hardly deserved the epithet ‘weeping’. It is a deciduous tree, native to much of Europe, including locally in southwestern Great Britain, growing on lime-rich soils. They include: ‘Barocco’ (A. Charlier, Belgium, pre-2005; variably cut leaves (les Jardins du Florilege 2020), some yellow spotting; ‘Capricio’ (Charlier, pre-2005, relatively large leaves); ‘Eniapseth’, (Charlier pre-2010, with slight variegation); ‘Erkegem’, (found at the Chateau d’Erkegem in Belgium, 1989; creamy-white variegation; possibly T. cordata misidentified); ‘Henryk’ (Bronislaw Szmit, Poland pre-1998; from a witch’s broom; dwarf and somewhat weeping – Szkółka Szmit 2020); ‘Mercedes’ (Charlier, pre-2010, weak, unstable variegation); ‘Pepi’ (De Martelaer, Netherlands, pre-2010; from a witch’s broom on ‘Laciniata’, dwarf with drooping red shoots; sold top grafted on 1m stem – De Martelaer Jo Nursery 2020)​​​​​​); ‘Stephanie’ (Charlier, pre-2010; variegated, with irregular yellow central zone). Selected by the Guillot-Bourne nursery, Jarcieu, France before 2012, and quite widespread in the European trade (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013; Guillot-Bourne 2020; van den Berk Nurseries 2020). This graceful Broad-leaved Lime at Knightshayes in Devon may possibly have been planted as the clone 'Pendula'. Corse, Petiole sometimes with simple hairs. Young leaves can be eaten as salad, and flowers have long been used in continental Europe to make a tea believed to have a calming effect. Big Bugger. Add to Likebox #50495340 - blooming linden tree (Tilia platyphyllos) on background sky. Schneid. & al. in Europe. A compact form, which is quite widespread in the European trade, apparently normally offered top-grafted to give a standard with a small ball-shaped crown. Various forms with dissected leaves belong here (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013); we discuss them collectively since many are not individually named, some names and clones are not clearly distinguished, and none are at all common. A largely columnar tree, whose rounded-to-largely ovate, dark-green leaves which are of a lighter shade on the underside, turn yellow in autumn. Young leaves yellow, turning green later, crown narrow in youth. At any rate, red winter twigs and an upright habit in youth are common to most typical Broad-leaved Limes in Britain (O. Johnson, pers. Introduced by the Ton van den Oever nursery, Netherlands in 2002 and still commercially available in Europe (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013; Guillot-Bourne 2020). Probably introduced early to North American cultivation, Jacobson (1996) notes that it has long been common, although usually sold as T. × europaea; he records a 29 m tall (1987) specimen in Washington State. Tilia platyphyllos is a deciduous Tree growing to 30 m (98ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a medium rate. C.D. Fruit 9–12 × 8–10 mm, obovoid, with 5 ribs, covered in dense white tomentum; wall thick and woody (Pigott 2012). Vigorous, narrow-crowned in youth. Wetland Status. Transcaucasus, The young twigs are hairy. Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 2: 1-581. Still propagated commercially in Europe; ‘Delft’ is similar (van den Berk Nurseries 2020). Image from Stuppy & Kesseler©Papadakis Publisher. Introduced by the De Martelaer nursery, Belgium, before 2005 (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013; New Plants and Flowers 2015). http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0, © Copyright Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, IPNI - The International Plant Names Index. View our bugger size guide Tilia platyphyllos. ‘Dimond’ and ‘Moylinny’ were found in a nursery in Moylinny, Co. Antrim, by P.W.J. It is noted for attracting wildlife. An old German clone (van den Berk Nurseries 2020). Flowers: Flowers are fragrant, borne in groups of 2-6, and bisexual, with five free sepals and five free, yellowish petals. Yellow twigs from above the graft, on the squirrel's side of the tree, contrast with red ones from below it, on the champion Golden-twigged Lime in Alexandra Park, Hastings, East Sussex. The details of some of these, including images, can be seen online in the Herbarium Catalogue. Retrieved from "https://species.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tilia_platyphyllos_subsp._platyphyllos&oldid=7094615" Many cultivated forms and cultivars have arisen from Tilia platyphyllos but few are available commercially. Unlike T. cordata, T. platyphyllos is quite able to set fertile seed in short cool summers. Austria, It is in the European trade, and was propagated commercially in North America by 1959, when the Arnold Arboretum acquired a specimen (88 cm dbh in 2019 – Arnold Arboretum 2020). Seeds are dried, packaged and stored at a sub-zero temperature in our seed bank vault. Twigs 2–4 mm thick, often hairy and often reddish in sun. The distribution range of the tree is more limiting than the very similar small-leaved lime. ‘Cucullata’ represents a little known mutant leaf form. Broad-leaved Lime varies considerably across its range, especially in hairiness. It was spotted and propagated by Donovan Caldwell Leaman at Caldwell and Sons Nurseries, Cheshire some time before the nurseries closed in 1992 (Leaman 2019); one of the two original plants, donated to the Thorp Perrow Arboretum in North Yorkshire, was 8 m, dbh 13 cm in 2019 (Tree Register 2019). Yellowy-green leaves are produced on bright yellow stems throughout the season on this easily managed tree. Foliage on a recently planted Tilia platyphyllos Laciniata Group, growing in the Trädgårdsföreningen (Horticultural Society Gardens) in Gothenburg, Sweden. Tilia platyphyllos 'Pendula' has spreading branches and pendant (hanging) branchlets. A slow-growing, bushy dwarf, originating in the Netherlands around 1925 (Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013; Geers. Other more or less dwarf clones include ‘Belvedere’ and ‘Pannonia’ (q.v.). Narrow-crowned, at least in youth, with ascending branches. It reduces Nasal Congestion, Throat Irritation and Cough. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/ Tilia platyphyllos … Image Owen Johnson. The dissected foliage of the Cut-leaved Lime gives the summer crown a special delicacy. Narrow-crowned when young. Tilia platyphyllos is native to central and southern Europe (including Great Britain, where it is possibly only native in woods on calcareous soils). Listopadna vrsta iz porodice Tiliaceae. Lime flower tea is also used widely to ease coughs. Strong-growing, rather narrow-crowned in youth, with reddish branchlets. The name ‘Aspleniifolia Variegata’ is used for these trees by the Tree Register of Ireland, but the original source of this name is unknown. One extreme form of this variant is ‘Tiltstone Filigree’ with remarkably deeply cut leaves; its habit is neat and narrow. Latinski naziv: Tilia platyphyllos Scop. While admitting that they are points in a continuum, Pigott (2012) adopts three of these. A young tree grows in the Sir Harold Hillier Gardens, Hampshire (Tree Register 2018). Final . 30-35méteres maximális magasságot elérő, lombhullató fa, mely Közép és Dél-Európa, valamint a Kaukázus területéről származik. SynonymsTilia vitifolia HostTilia platyphyllos var. Narrow crowned, unusual in its late, reddish-brown autumn colour; low susceptibility to red spider mite is claimed. Bigger Bugger. (2020), 'Tilia platyphyllos' from the website Trees and Shrubs Online (treesandshrubsonline.org/articles/tilia/tilia-platyphyllos/). Its wild origin is unclear, but it seems likely that this would have been a clone passed vegetatively between monastic sites – a cultivar. It was found in a batch of layered trees, given to the Royal Horticultural Society’s garden in Chiswick in 1888 (Bean 1981; Jablonski & Plietzsch 2013), and grafted at Royal Botanic Garden, Kew, where material traceable to the original still grows (1972.12987; 21 m, dbh 58 cm in 2010 – Tree Register 2018); it is no longer a striking plant. Lacking stellate hairs on the undersides of the leaves, T. platyphyllos is placed in Section Anastraea. Cambridge University Press. Image Owen Johnson. (2012): Seznam cévnatých rostlin květeny České republiky , Preslia 84: 647–811 [as Tilia platyphyllos Scop. Discussion in Working Party on Community monographs and Community list (MLWP) May 2011 July 2011 Adoption by Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products ( HMPC) for release for consultation 13 September 2011 .