Leaves are left whole to cook, but are not themselves eaten because they are stiff and sharp and can potentially cause damage to the mouth or throat if ingested. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Trees. Golden-leaf bay. Ground bay leaf is POSSIBLY SAFE when taken by mouth in medicinal amounts, short-term. Referenced in ancient texts, this evergreen bears leathery deep green leaves that figure prominently as a seasoning in Mediterranean cuisine. Although your bay tree will probably go dormant and drop a few leaves, you do not want its soil to remain dry for extended periods. When it signals trouble by dropping a few leaves, use the leaves in cooking and begin misting the tree regularly with water. If you see two leaves that appear to be stuck together, gently peel them apart and remove the eggs or larva. Bay is only hardy in USDA hardiness zones 8 through 10. If your bay tree is in a pot, use a good-quality, fast-draining potting soil. Starting from seed is tricky, as bay seeds can take months to germinate under specific conditions. All rights reserved. Keep the plant away from direct heat sources, and mist leaves occasionally. It is prized for its aromatic, narrowly ovate, leathery leaves, up to 4 in. (However due to high demand we are currently shipping orders within 8 - … Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, 20 Best Tall Plants for Container Gardens, How to Grow and Care for the Yesterday-Today-and-Tomorrow Plants, How to Grow and Care for the Autograph Tree. Laurus nobilis ‘Angustifolia’ – This variety has leaves that are more narrow than the common type, which makes it even better as an ornamental addition to the garden. Laurus Nobilis - Flemish Laurel tree : Cultivars, Muses of Alloro, Let s be inspired. The leaves don’t soften much in cooking and are removed before eating. Willow Leaf Bay (Laurus nobilis “angustifolia”) (Conventional) $ 15.00. In-ground planted bay is drought tolerant once established. Water it regularly but always allow the soil to dry out between waterings, so the roots don’t rot. But be advised that some people find sweet bay to be a skin irritant. In the spring, sweet bay has small yellow flowers that develop into purple berries in the fall. If you grow your bay tree indoors, keep it near a sunny window for the winter. Laurus nobilis: Bay Laurel A plant of much renown and lore, bay is an essential culinary herb with a long history. There are other plants that go by the common names of bay and sweet bay and these are not necessarily edible. It has attractive foliage and can easily be pruned and sheared into topiary shapes. Bay is also a traditional component of the French bouquet garni herbs. Often the tree will recover on its own, the following spring. Since it is quite slow-growing, it can live a long time in a pot. Bay leaf and bay leaf oil is LIKELY SAFE for most people in food amounts. A 24-inch pot should be fine for a 4- to 6-foot tree. Bay can be a bit frost-tender (it will suffer if temperatures fall too far below freezing, and may die in more severe cold), and does not prefer soggy soils, but if precautions are taken against frost and soil is amended to promote good drainage, bay is a care-free plant. Classes | Culture: Evergreen in zones 8 and up, bay is considered somewhat tender in the Portland area. Outdoors, certain moths occasionally lay eggs between leaves, and the larvae can chew holes, though outbreaks are not usually bad enough to greatly disfigure the plant. Rate of Growth: Slow to moderate. In cooler areas, bring it indoors for the winter. Bay laurels are versatile plants that can thrive indoors and out. Indoor plants may be affected by scale. Laurus nobilis 'Aurea' will grow best when planted in a position sheltered from cold winter winds and may require protection in severe winters. There are also a few ornamental cultivars of Laurus nobilis. To keep its size in check, use a small container. Bay is also a traditional component of the French bouquet garni herbs. Laurus nobilis, commonly called bay laurel, is native to the Mediterranean. It’s an essential foliage plant for herb gardens, its leaves commonly used in curries and as part of a bouquet garni. 99. Laurus nobilis is a stunning plant and a popular choice for hedging, topiary or a specimen plant.View Full Details You can begin harvesting leaves when your tree is several feet tall, but you can always use the pruned leaves in the meantime. Amend heavy soils with plenty of compost, and add pumice to increase drainage. $5.99 shipping. The leaves are also used to make wreaths and garlands. A plant of much renown and lore, bay is an essential culinary herb with a long history. Leaves of the bay tree have many culinary uses. If you want to grow your bay tree in the ground, identify a warm microclimate in your yard. Bay Laurel is commonly known as Laurus nobilis or Sweet Bay. The Complete Book of Herbs. Aromatic evergreen foliage can be used as a savory culinary seasoning. © 2020 Regents of the University of Minnesota. Avoid exposure to both drafts and heat from appliances. Habit: Laurus nobilis 'Aurea' grows to be a large densely branching shrub or eventually a small tree in many years. Discover RHS expert help and advice on growing, feeding, pruning and propagating plants. In areas with hot, dry summers, some afternoon shade is ideal. As a seasoning, dried leaves are broken or crumbled into cooking foods and allowed to permeate the dish. If left unpruned, bay trees can grow 60 feet tall. It can grow in shade but will have a denser growth habit in sun. Native to the Mediterranean, the bay tree is well known for its culinary use, often added to soups and stews. However, you may have trouble keeping your indoor bay tree from drying out in the low humidity of your home. long (10 cm). Find specific plants with our Plant Finder & Plant Selector. Cultivated around the Mediterranean since at least Roman times, Laurus nobilis (Bay Laurel) is a slow-growing, evergreen shrub or small tree of densely pyramidal-oval habit. 9000 SE Division, Portland, OR 97266. Bay makes a popular container plant that can live for decades. It’s slightly tender when young and benefits from shelter and protection in winter. Home | Bay roots are very shallow, and frequent watering may be necessary during dry spells. Bay plants are dioecious, meaning male and female flowers occur on separate plants, and each are needed to produce fruit and seed. Growing Sweet Bay Plants (Laurus nobilis) Sweet Bay (Laurus nobilis) reaches a height of 40 feet in its native Mediterranean reqion.However, Bay trees are slow growers and if grown in containers, they can be kept to a very manageable size with only a small amount of clipping. This relatively new introduction has a denser habit than straight Laurus nobilis and has proved to be slightly more hardy too according to the growers. It has the attributes of Laurus nobilis but is smaller with a more open habit and larger more rounded and lighter colored leaves. Outdoors, grow in full sun and very well-drained soil. Feed container-grown bay in the spring and maybe again mid-summer, using a balanced organic fertilizer like fish emulsion and kelp. Whether they season as well as regular Laurus nobilis is a matter of personal taste. 3.8 out of 5 stars 356. Propagation: Bay can be propagated by digging up rooted suckers that occur either naturally or from layering. Situate the plant in a warm spot, such as near a south-facing wall, and protect from the wind. If you see two bay leaves stuck together with a cottony substance, peel them apart and destroy any caterpillars you find. Laurus nobilis (Sweet Bay) - Sweet Bay is a moderately slow growing dense evergreen shrub or small tree that reaches 10'-25' tall and almost as wide with very aromatic elliptical 3 to 5 inch long leathery dark green leaves. The plant Laurus nobilis (family Lauraceae) is widely cultivated in many regions of the world where it is used primarily as a culinary herb now but in its native Mediterranean it was also used medicinally and culturally. This is ideal if you have a very small garden, or if your climate is cold enough to where you’ll need to bring the plant inside for the winter. Laurus nobilis 'Angustifolia' Plant Citations. Powdery mildew is sometimes an issue. Pests and Diseases: Bay is generally not bothered by many problems. Phone: 503.231.5050 It is an upright, hardy evergreen tree with deep green, aromatic foliage. Phone: 503.788.9000 Purchasing potted bay from the Nursery is by far the easiest and most reliable source of plants! To keep your potted bay tree portable, keep it pruned to no taller than 5 to 6 feet. New growth is bright gold. Watch for waxy spots on stems and leaves, and remove with cotton swabs dipped in rubbing alcohol. Alternative medicine Laurus nobilis essential oil in … Plants in containers need some supplemental fertilizer. Laurus nobilis standard/stems en spiral Laurus nobilis 'Angustifolia' Laurus nobilis 'Bay Junior' Muses of Alloro - "Let's be inspired" More information about the "Muses of Alloro", lauriervariety's who's inspire you, Thalia is more coldhardy, Polyhymnia is better for Topiary,.. Genus Laurus are dioecious evergreen trees or large shrubs, with leathery aromatic leaves, and small yellow flowers followed on female plants by black berries Details L. nobilis f. angustifolia is an evergreen shrub or small tree, to around 8m tall, with aromatic foliage useful in cooking. Laurus nobilis L.Bay Laurel (Laurus angustifolia, Laurus aurea, Laurus officinale, Laurus undulata) Other Common Names: Bay, Bay Tree, Cooking Bay, Laurel, Grecian Laurel, Greek Laurel, Sweet Bay, … If your tree does show signs of die-back in the spring, prune the stem down to below the damage and new growth should fill in. Bay is commonly pruned to keep its size in check and/or create a more ornamental tree. The oval leaves can be 5 to 6 inches in length and are a mild to olive green color on the upper surface and lighter below with the new growth and leaf petioles tinged red. For garden purposes, it is often pruned to 8’ tall or less. It’s very important that you grow only plants labeled Laurus nobilis if you plan to use the leaves for cooking and eating. Scientific: Laurus nobilis Common: laurel bay, sweet bay Family: Lauraceae Origin: Mediterranean region Pronounciation: La-U-rus NO-blis Hardiness zones Sunset 5-9, 12-24 USDA 8-11. Even leaves that dry and fall off the tree are still fragrant and usable. As a seasoning, dried leaves are broken or crumbled into cooking foods and allowed to permeate the dish. For container-planted bay, a regular feeding schedule is essential, although it’s still important not to over-fertilize. Common Name: Bay laurel, sweet bay, culinary bay. Situating the plant in a very sunny location, pruning out crowded branches to promote air circulation, and letting soil dry between waterings usually takes care of any mildew. Although bay can grow into a tall tree, it is often kept smaller by pruning or by confining it in a container. Indoors, situate the plant in a very bright window, or provide supplemental light with a full-spectrum bulb. Use a balanced organic fertilizer about three times a year: in spring, summer, and early fall for best results. Re-pot as necessary, when the roots start to come out the bottom of the pot. Pruning can be done to shape the plant as desired. In extreme cases, prune to about 6 inches and allow new shoots to form from the base. Great as a container or hedg Laurus nobilis ‘Angustifolia’ has long willowy leaves with a slight wave to the edge of the leaf adding to its aesthetic qualities. Plant your bay tree at the same depth as it was planted in its original pot. San Luis Obispo Botanical Garden, 3450 Dairy Creek Road, San Luis Obispo, CA, 93405, United States 805.541.1400, TAX ID 77-0248682 info@slobg.org 805.541.1400, TAX ID 77-0248682 info@slobg.org It can easily be pruned into a bushy shrub, small tree, or even a topiary form. The Latin name, Laurus nobilis, means praise and nobility. You shouldn’t need to re-pot more than once every five years. Also be sure to choose a place that is protected from potential wind. (Narrow-leaved Bay Tree) Laurus nobilis 'Angustifolia' is a rare shrub has slender, evergreen leaves which release an aromatic scent when bruised and can be used in cooking. Keep a frost blanket on hand and cover the plant when temperatures threaten to fall below 25 degrees F. Mulching around the base of the plant with leaves or straw can help insulate the soil, but be sure to remove the mulch in the spring to allow the soil to warm up and dry out more quickly. In spring, yellow buds appear, opening to clusters of fluffy yellow flowers, adding a lovely contrast amongst the foliage. Bay is also well suited to container culture. The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer. Bay trees can take decades to become mature enough to flower. Can be pruned yearly to limit the size if required. Laurus nobilis ‘Angustifolia’ (Narrow Leafed Bay) It has exactly the same habit as the standard Bay Tree (Laurus nobilis) but its narrower leaves mean that when clipped (as … March 2, 2006. p 6 Parts Shown: Habit Photo. Use caution when weeding or cultivating around the base of the tree. Since bay is slow-growing, it doesn’t require a great deal of food. A south-facing wall near a building, or a brick or stone structure will retain heat and help keep your plant cozy. Pruning is usually done in the spring, as new growth is just beginning. Slender, upright form grows slowly and gracefully into a small pyramidal tree, ideal for topiary. It is native to the Mediterranean region and is used as bay leaf for seasoning in cooking. Bay seems to grow best when it's a little cramped in its pot, even to the point of roots starting to poke out the bottom. Locations | 5050 SE Stark, Portland, OR 97215, Portland Nursery on Division Willow-leaf bay. $8.99 $ 8. (1988) p 90 Parts Shown: Leaf Photo. Miracle Botanicals Wildcrafted Laurel Leaf Essential Oil - 100% Pure Laurus Nobilis - 10ml or 30ml Sizes - Therapeutic Grade (5ML) 4.6 out of 5 stars 20. Bay, Laurus nobilis is one of the oldest shrubs in cultivation, introduced at least as early as 1650. Our mail order delivery service is running as normal. The leaves dont soften much in cooking and are removed before eat… Leaves are glossy and oval in shape and hang from red-brown branches. Laurus nobilis - 'Angustifolia' (Willow Leaf Bay): Bay is tough fast growing evergreen tree that will tolerate a wide range of soil types, prefering a location in full sun but will tolerate part shade. Outdoor plants require full sun to partial shade. You can prune as much or as little as you like, to keep the tree small or to create a topiary artwork. Scale can sometimes become a problem and there are moths that will lay their eggs between two leaves and sort of fuse them together with a cottony fluff. Frequent pruning will mean fewer flowers and berries. angustifolia and Laurus azorica. Horticulture Week. This tree is not too particular about soil type, but it must be well-draining. But, if you cook with whole bay leaf, be sure to remove it before eating the food. The dark green leaves are very fragrant, especially when dried. Form & Character: Seldom seen evergreen large shrub to tree, formal, stiff, dense, often cone-like in form. Effect of Laurus nobilis L. Essential Oil and its Main Components on α-glucosidase and Reactive Oxygen Species Scavenging Activity. Sign up today! Because bay is a very slow grower, it can be grown as an ornamental and it is even better suited to growing in a pot. Laurus nobilis - 'Bay Leaf Tree' - Bay Laurel or Sweet Bay - Live Plant. Can be clipped into a formal hedge or topiary form. Laurus nobilis is an aromatic evergreen tree or large shrub with green, glabrous smooth leaves, in the flowering plant family Lauraceae. It is a pyramidal, aromatic, evergreen tree or large shrub that grows to as much as 60’ tall, but is usually seen much smaller (10-30’ tall). Long, slender leaves and compact habit. In its native habitat, the slow-growing tree can reach heights of 40 feet or more, but home-grown bay usually remains much smaller. Iranian Journal of pharmaceutical research: IJPR, 12(2), 367–379. Taking the whole, intact leaf by mouth is LIKELY UNSAFE.The leaf can't be digested, so it remains intact while passing through the digestive … More, David. Willow or Narrow Leaf Sweet Bay has long narrow fragrant evergreen leaves that can be used for the same culinary uses as regular Sweet Bay. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Landscape Use: Background, screen, espalier, medicinal and culinary herb. Even today, bay remains a symbol of victory and honor (think of the words baccalaureate, or poet laureate).